Some amaranth species are cultivated as leaf vegetables, pseudocereals, and ornamental plants. There are two edible Amaranthus species commonly con-sumed in Taiwan, one is locally called white amaranth They are grown widely as a source of grain and leafy vegetables. This makes it ideal for whomever is adamant about leading a vegetarian or vegan lifestyle because it partially meets daily dietary protein needs. Amaranthus spinosus Linn, is one such plant that has been frequently used in traditional system of medicine. Depending on the variety, amaranth can be grown for edible seeds, leaves, stems or roots. Health Benefits of Amaranth. Amaranthus cruentus and A. frumentacea are raised as cereals by primitive tribes in Tropical Asia. Contact Us – Disclaimer Cookies Policy – Privacy Policy. Despite their potential to enhance food security and economic livelihoods, grain amaranth breeding to improve nutritional quality and adoption by farmers in sub-Saharan Africa is scanty. Assessment of genetic diversity in Peruvian Amaranth (Amaranthus caudatus and A. hybridus) germplasm using Single Nucleotide Polymorphism markers. Therefore, designing strategies to degrade the high phytate content in amaranth is indispensable. Inefficiency of resource use and utilization in farming can seriously affect crop production and productivity. Mix it with honey for a more appealing taste. Axillary or terminal spikes (Achyranthes, Digera). Amaranthaceae is a family of flowering plants commonly known as the amaranth family, in reference to its type genus Amaranthus. Characters of Amaranthaceae 2. Affinities 5. Its protein content is 15%. Time may vary from the start of the treatment until you begin to notice improvements in your condition. Stamens two loculed or anthers monothecous; ovary one ovuled. Delimitation of Amaranthus cruentus L. and Amaranthus caudatus L. using micromorphology and AFLP analysis: an application in germplasm identification. Food: Seeds of Amaranthus caudatus are edible. It is a serious problem weed in several field crops (e.g. A small number of suitable traits, phenotypic plasticity, gene flow and hybridization made it difficult to establish the taxonomy and phylogeny of the whole genus despite various studies using molecular markers. The fruit juice of Deeringia is a substitute for red ink. TOS4. Leaves exstipulate, opposite (Gomphrena, Alternanthera). is one of the most popular leafy vegetables in S. Nigeria where it is grown for its leaves rather than for seed. Amaranth is a reliable source of iron (more than 50% of the RDA of the mineral). Just remember to add 4 or 5 times more water than amaranth seeds when cooking them. Weeds cause reduction in crop yield through competition for light, nutrient, water and space. Bicarpellary, or tricarpellary; syncarpous, ovary superior, unilocular, usually one campylotropous ovule; basal placentation; style short or filiform; stigma 2 or 3. are of economic importance worldwide. Tumbleweed (Amaranthus albus) is mainly a weed of agricultural areas and habitation. Plants with Promising Economic Value, performed in 1975, amaranth was elected from among 36 of the world’s most promising crops and identified as a major potential crop; since then, extensive ... Lipids are very important nutritive constituents of Amaranthus seeds, with triacylglycerols (TAGs), phospholipids, squalene, and The second, third and fifth are especially appreciated for their seeds. Amaranthus viridis, Hedera nepalensis and Urtica dioica were also chemically analyzed for ash, total proteins, fats, and carbohydrates. Amaranthus phylogeny Page 2 Abstract The genus Amaranthus consists of 50 to 70 species and harbors several cultivated and weedy species of great economic importance. Economic Importance of Weeds. Amaranthus aureus Moq.. Amaranthus batalleri Sennen. Genet. Amaranthus flavescens Moq.. Amaranthus hecticus Willd.. Amaranthus incurvatus Trimen ex Gren. Also, amaranth consumption is recommended for people with hypertension (high blood pressure) and high cholesterol levels (due to its good phytosterol content). Amaranth provides more than 150% of the RDA of manganese, a powerful antioxidant-mineral which combats free radical oxidative stress and helps maintain healthy arteries. Cultivation methods are described and yield of vegetable amaranth for different fertilizer levels, planting densities and harvesting methods are presented. Lund, R. E. 1975. The stem and leaves of Alternanthera are used in snake-bite. This is a question and answer forum for students, teachers and general visitors for exchanging articles, answers and notes. Please Support My Work With a PayPal Donation. The family Amaranthaceae is commonly called ‘Amaranth family’. Plants mostly herbs, a few shrubs, leaves exstipulate and simple; opposite or alternate, hairy; flowers small, incospicuous and usually with bracts and bracteoles, actinomorphic, arranged in spikes or racemes; perianth 2 to 5, uniseriate, green or coloured, free or united; stamens 3 to 5 free, dithecous, antiphyllous (opposite the perianth segments); gynoecium bi or tri-carpellary, unilocular with a single basal ovule; fruit one seeded nutlet. It belongs to the family Amarantaceae. Amaranth grain has potential economic value as an alternative to present grain crops. Amaranthus species are distributed worldwide with an interesting diversity of landraces and cultivars whose leaves and seeds are consumed. Share Your Word File Replace wheat, barley, rye, even malt-based beer with rice, amaranth, quinoa, buckwheat, millet, teff, sorghum and Montina (a rice grass from India). A. systematic understanding of the important traits. Wild perennial herb of waste places, 30 to 90 cm high. The red amaranth plant is streaked all over with splashes of red and purple. Fiber indirectly lowers cholesterol levels by inhibiting the absorption of fat in the intestines. Amaranths are branching broad-leaved plants with egg-shaped or rhombic leaves which may be smooth or covered in tiny hairs. Bicarpellary, syncarpous, ovary superior, unilocular, one ovuled, basal placentation, style filiform, stigma capitate. What is the reserve food material in red algae? However the Amaranthaceae differs from the Chenopodiaceae in having scarious bracts, membranous perianth and congested inflorescence. Plants under-shrubs or shrubs (Bosia, Ptilotus). Alternatively, you can pop the seeds in a hot pan and make a deliciously nutty amaranth popcorn. Amaranth grain is the tiny seeds of Amaranthus family plants used as an alternative food source to regular cereal grains such as rice and wheat. Amaranth is said to help treat respiratory problems such as chronic bronchitis, asthma, colds, flu and so on. Amaranth seeds contain important essential amino acids such as arginine, histidine, isoleucine, leucine, lysine, cystine, methionine, phenylalanine, threonine, tryptophan and valine. A small number of suitable traits, phenotypic plasticity, gene flow and hybridization made it difficult to establish the taxonomy and phylogeny of the whole genus despite various studies using molecular markers. Amaranth is a plant. Engler and Prantl regarded the Amaranthaceae as primitive but Hutchinson, Takhtajan and Cronquist regard it as one of the advanced families of dicots. Herbaceous above and woody below, aerial, erect, quadrangular, rough, branched, solid, hairy, green. This nutritional component found in amaranth promotes cardiovascular health. (With Methods)| Industrial Microbiology, How is Cheese Made Step by Step: Principles, Production and Process, Enzyme Production and Purification: Extraction & Separation Methods | Industrial Microbiology, Fermentation of Olives: Process, Control, Problems, Abnormalities and Developments, The best answers are voted up and rise to the top. Amaranth leaves, called greens, are broad and may be tinged with red or purple, in which case they may leave a color trail in your cooking water. soil availability of N and P, amaranthus (Amaranthus cruentus L.) yield, and root growth after the initial application of the manures. Despite the economic usefulness of Amaranthus cruentus L., the area under production is low in the tropics. It has several common names, including carelessweed, ... As a result, the primary economic importance of Palmer amaranth to American farmers has been as a noxious weed and a competitor to more marketable crops, rather than as a crop in its own right. Simple, alternate or opposite, petiolate, exstipulate, reddish in colour, unicostate reticulate venation. In addition, some Amaranth species are valuable based on their ornamental or medicinal properties (Rastogi & Shukla, 2013). Botany, Plant Taxonomy, Angiosperms, Dicotyledons, Families, Amaranthaceae. Endospermic with polished testa, kidney-shaped embryo curved. are of economic importance worldwide. Schinz divided the family into two sub-families and tribes as follows: Stamens four loculed or anthers dithecous, ovary 1 to 2 ovuled. It grows best in the sun or in light shade; a light intensity of less than 30% completely suppresses flowering. Opposite, simple, petiolate, exstipulate, obovate, repand, acuminate, both the surfaces hairy, unicostate reticulate. It is a small family comprising 65 genera and 850 species which are chiefly represented in tropical and temperate regions. maize), as well as in vegetables, orchards and grape vines. Bicarpellary, syncarpous, ovary superior, unilocular, basal placentation, ovule one; style three, persistent, stigma capitate, hairy. 2014. Important minerals in the grain amaranth identified in this study included potassium (420mg/100g); calcium (173.55mg/100g); and magnesium (293.48mg/100g). Amaranth is the name given to a group of approximately 70 species of annual or short-lived perennial plants in the genus Amaranthus including several species of aggressive edible weeds native to the US such as Amaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed). Amaranth (Amaranthus spp.) The green peach aphid [Myzus persicae (Sulzer)] is an important pest of amaranth grown for leaf consumption (i.e., leafy amaranth) in the tropics. As far as taste is concerned, amaranth is pretty appetizing in the sense that it boasts a distinctive nutty flavor. The leaves are alternate petioled, 3 – 6 inches long, dull Dry one seeded achene or several seeded capsule or one to several seeded berry. with economic importance of amaranths discovers the diversity and utility of amaranths species across the world amaranthus a promising crop of future saubhik das auth this book serves the larger ... resistance along with economic importance of amaranths amaranthus a promising crop of future In Tanzania, amaranths (Amaranthus spp.) What are the different sources of air pollution? Technometrics 17: 473 – 476. Chaff flowered, common weed of waste places. A. hybridus is a principal weed in a variety of field and vegetable row crops, and has been reported to substantially reduce yields of maize, soyabeans, cotton, sugarbeet, sorghum and peas (Holm et al., 1977; Weaver and McWilliams, 1980). Leaves of Bosia amherstiana yield a black dye. Similarly, amaranth oil provides cardiovascular protection in individuals suffering from hypertension (high blood pressure) and coronary heart disease. Many taxonomists have felt that the family is not primitive and has been derived from caryophyllous ancestors. The amount of … In an effort to explain the decrease in grain amaranth cultivation, fanciful myths have arisen. What is the role of pancreatic juice in digestion of proteins? In this paper protein quality data for a number of amaranth (Amaranthus spp.) Flowers actinomorphic, hypogynous and hermaphrodite. Drink one tablespoon of fresh amaranth seeds juice with honey everyday until your problem clears. is one of the most important vegetable crops [20]. Juice left after boiling amaranth seeds can be given to children as a natural tonic drink. The ideas i got from your website helped me lot in determining which areas have not been explored yet. What are the three important components of biodiversity? Achyranthes aspera is diuretic and purgative. The genus Amaranthus consists of 50-70 species and harbors several cultivated and weedy species of great economic importance. Our mission is to provide an online platform to help students to share notes in Biology. Amaranth's use as an herbal medicine is derived mainly from its high content of vitamins and minerals. 3. The Aztecs called it the food of immortality while Indian folk beliefs recognized it as the king of grains. I am researching on other economic and pharmaceutical importance of this weed. It is rich source of many essential micronutrients like carotene, vitamin A, B, C and D, iron, A. hybridus has been reported to be a highly nutritious herbage and a potentially valuable forage crop (Mugerwa and Bwabye, 1974). Relationships between the weedy Amaranthus hybridus (Amaranthaceae) and the grain amaranths. Vegetable farming in urban and peri-urban areas has become popular in many African Countries [19]. The immediate objective of the AMARANTH: FUTURE-FOOD project is to provide the tools for an extensive and sustainable exploitation of amaranth. Economic importance: The family includes a few food plants such as beet (Beta vulgaris: used as leafy vegetable ... Amaranthus diandrus is added to the synonyms of Acroglochin persicarioides, and Bassia fiedleri, previously considered as conspecific with Grubovia dasyphylla, is added to the synonymy of Bassia scoparia. What are the general characters of bryophytes? Bracteate, bracts persistent acuminate, ending in a spine, bracteolate, sessile, complete, hermaphrodite, actinomorphic, hypogynous, small, green. The Amaranthaceae is related to the Chenopodiaceae by the possession of monochlamydous flowers, uniseriate stamens and single basal ovule. of Technology, Radvil˙en u Rd., 19,˛ LT-50254 Kaunas, Lithuania. Before sharing your knowledge on this site, please read the following pages: 1. Genus: Amaranthus amaranth. The economic threshold values were reduced by 0.01 to 0.06 plants m −2 … Plants with Promising Economic Value, performed in 1975, amaranth was elected from among 36 of the world’s most promising crops and identified as a major potential crop; since then, extensive MS 20130203 Submitted 02/12/2013, Accepted 04/25/2013. Amaranth seeds are creamy-white or light-brown in color and extremely small (around one millimeter). The flowers and seeds of Digera muricata (syn. resistance along with economic importance of amaranths what is amaranth an extremely adaptable Jul 08, 2020 Contributor By : Mary Higgins Clark Media Publishing PDF ID 13762d90 amaranthus a promising crop of future pdf Favorite eBook Reading The Aztecs relied on amaranth seeds (or "grain") as an important staple (National Academy of Sciences 1984). Amaranth grain is the tiny seeds of Amaranthus family plants used as an alternative food source to regular cereal grains such as rice and wheat. Amaranth is rich in B vitamins, iron, magnesium, manganese, phosphorus and zinc. Gynoecium bicarpellary and syncarpous. The leaves of Amaranthus viridis, A. spinosus and A. tricolor are also used as vegetables. Amaranthus species are the most important vegetables in some parts of Nigeria because of their leaves, succulent stem and cereal-like grains. The Amaranthaceae is of little economic importance. Stamens 3, free, antiphyllous, anthers dithecous, basifixed, introrse. If you are suffering from gluten sensitivity or intolerance, wheat allergy or Celiac disease, the you need to be on a gluten-free diet. Amaranthus species are the most important vegetables in some parts of Nigeria because of their leaves, succulent stem and cereal-like grains. First of all, the most important … Share Your PPT File. ), jute (Corchorus olitorius), mustard and rape (Brassica sp. maize), as well as in vegetables, orchards and grape vines. Stir-fried, steamed or sauteed amaranth greens are soft and spinach-like. The complement of essential amino acids is good for human nutrition. Costea, M. et al. Resources Crop Evol. Distribution of Amaranthaceae 3. amaranth. The economic importance of molds can be seen in the production of medication. Aphids reduce the amount of fresh leaf yield of amaranth and the value of leafy amaranth as aphid-infested leaves are not marketable. When consumed regularly and with moderation, amaranth seeds show cholesterol-lowering properties. The entire plant is used to make medicine. Amaranthus chlorostachys Willd.. Amaranthus eugenii Sennen. Some genera are weeds e.g. 6. Privacy Policy3. Authors are with the Dept. ), Basella (Basella alba), bitter gourd (Momordica charantia), bottle gourd (Lagenaria siceraria), cassava (Manihot esculenta), Chinese cabbage (Brassica chinensis), cowpea (Vigna unguiculata), drumstick (Moringa oleifera), fenugreek (Trigonella sp. However, it is also regarded as an environmental weed in Western Australia and Tasmania and grows in natural areas in other states too. This vegetable is mostly valued by different communities in South Africa and it is preferred for its flavor and palatability by rural communities. Amaranthus was chosen as the test crop due to its nutritional and economic importance in most parts of Tanzania. maize), as well as in vegetables, orchards and grape vines. Support My Work Copyright © 2014-2020 NatureWord. How to Start Commercial Amaranth Cultivation Business Economic Importance of Amaranth. In particular, amaranth is a good source of manganese, magnesium, phosphorus and iron. Disclaimer Copyright, Share Your Knowledge Slightly acerbic and crunchy when raw, the leaves soften and tone down in flavour when cooked, acquiring a rich, smooth and earthy texture in the process. Costs, returns, and efficiency of resource use among users of inorganic fertilizer and organic manure in A. cruentis production under tropical conditions were examined. WHO (the World Health Organization) recommends a 1:1 ratio combination of rice and amaranth for a good protein intake. In Europe, Amaranthus retroflexus is one of the ten weed species of greatest economic importance. Ovules 2 to many per carpel, e.g. Amaranthus, Achyranthes. It is a most common leafy vegetable grown during summer and rainy season in India. 1998. The chapter describes their socio-cultural (ethnobotanical), ecological, economic, food and income security values as well as their production requirements. ), pumpkin (Cucurbita … Tepals 2, ovate, green, inferior, valvate. Amaranthus cruentus and A. frumentacea are raised as cereals by primitive tribes in Tropical Asia. Some times in cymose panicles. Rather, Amaranthus is a wide genus comprised of around 60 different species, most of which are summer annuals.
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