Hawaiian Vascular Plant Updates: A Supplement to the Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawai`i and Hawai`i's Ferns and Fern Allies., Washington DC, USA: Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History. In zones 7 and 8, it acts like a perennial, and in colder zones, it acts like an annual plant. times, Need more criteria? Flora de Veracruz 66. http://www1.inecol.edu.mx/publicaciones/resumeness/FLOVER/66-Graham_I.pdf, HEAR, 2016. Anyone who lives in climate zones 9 through 11 can grow this plant as an annual. http://www.gbif.org/species, Graham SA, 1991. Due to the variable regulations around (de)registration of pesticides, your national list of registered pesticides or relevant authority should be consulted to determine which products are legally allowed for use in your country when considering chemical control. San Juan, Puerto Rico: US Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, International Institute of Tropical Forestry, and Fort Collins, CO: US Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, 830 pp. Recent plant collections from Dominica. The plant features white, pink or purple flowering stems, depending on variety, and flourishes in the acidic soil of moors and bogs and other areas many plants won’t grow. http://www.tropicos.org.Project/fm, HEAR, 2016. Each fruit produces about six tiny (1 mm) seeds (Francis, 2004). Constituents of organic extracts of Cuphea hyssopifolia., Journal of the Mexican Chemical Society, 55(1):62-64, Murali S, Reddy GN, Tavaragondi Vinayaka, Chetan T, 2013. Small attractive purple flowers appear in the early summer that stay till winter. Also known as false heather, Mexican heather (Cuphea hyssopifolia) is a flowering groundcover that produces masses of bright green leaves. Flora Mesoamericana., St. Louis, Missouri, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden. Cuphea / ˈ k juː f iː ə / is a genus containing about 260 species of annual and perennial flowering plants native to warm temperate to tropical regions of the Americas. It is used medicinally in Mexico (Morales-Serna et al. (2012); however, no information could be found on this species’ environmental impacts. Little information was found on Cuphea hyssopifolia’s impact on habitats or species in areas where it has naturalized, or on control measures. © Copyright 2020 CAB International. Considered a transformative invasive plant in Cuba by Oviedo Prieto et al. Native from Mexico to Panama (Francis, 2004; Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012), however some sources also indicate it is native to South America (Graham, 1991; Flora Mesoamericana, 2016; USDA-ARS, 2016). http://www.fs.fed.us/wildflowers/pollinators/documents/plants-pollinators09.pdf, McGinnis L, 2006. Manual of the flowering plants of Hawai`i, revised edition. Tropicos database. Alien species in Hawaii. Cuphea hyssopifolia. http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/45239387#page/3/mode/1up, Chua RT, 2013. Plants are distributed as ornamental plants locally and long-distance by sale of potted plants and seeds (Francis, 2004; Dave’s Garden, 2016). B.K. Generally disease free. It will live in zone 8, but might die to the ground in winter and return in spring. Call store for exact availability. Evergreen perennial with dozens of tiny purple or white flowers in spring, summer and often into fall. Washington, DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution. These plants will have a lot more details displayed including an image. suppliers. http://www.freshfromflorida.com/content/download/68187/1612823/Pest_Alert_-_Scirtothrips_dorsalis,_Chilli_Thrips.pdf, India Biodiversity Portal, 2016. Bissea: Boletín sobre Conservación de Plantas del Jardín Botánico Nacional de Cuba, 6(Special Issue 1):22-96. CRC world dictionary of plant names: common names, scientific names, eponyms, synonyms, and etymology. Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services. We have combined these two powerful search tools into a single Find a Plant service searching over 250,000 plant records. Cuphea hyssopifolia (false heather); Flowering habit. 020 3176 5800 Its average texture blends into the landscape, but can be balanced by one or two finer or coarser trees or shrubs for an effective composition.This is a relatively low maintenance shrub, and is best cleaned up in early spring before it resumes active growth for the season. CABI is a registered EU trademark. It grows 12 inches tall and 18 inches wide. Synonyms Cuphea hyssopifolia 'Purple' . in 2 volumes. A shrubby dependable evergreen perennial that grows to 2' tall and 4' wide, the False Heather bears small, closely set leaves and tiny rose red flowers. Those who live in zones 7 or 8 can grow it as a perennial. http://www.tropicos.org/. The seeds can easily spread to adjacent areas, germinate, and become a problem. Catalogue of the Seed Plants of the West Indies. Wallingford, UK: CAB International. False heather plant thrives in full sunlight; Can be planted throughout the year; Internet # 313535309Model # 3184Store SKU # 1004601109. Grows in USDA hardiness zones 9-11 (Scheper, 2003) or H1C (Royal Horticultural Society, 2016). Dig up a large, already established Mexican false heather plant. Tropical monsoon climate ( < 60mm precipitation driest month but > (100 - [total annual precipitation(mm}/25])), As - Tropical savanna climate with dry summer, < 60mm precipitation driest month (in summer) and < (100 - [total annual precipitation{mm}/25]), Aw - Tropical wet and dry savanna climate, < 60mm precipitation driest month (in winter) and < (100 - [total annual precipitation{mm}/25]), Mean maximum temperature of hottest month (ºC), Mean minimum temperature of coldest month (ºC), number of consecutive months with <40 mm rainfall, GISD/IASPMR: Invasive Alien Species Pathway Management Resource and DAISIE European Invasive Alien Species Gateway. African Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines. Cuphea hyssopifolia. (Observaciones sobre la vegetación de la Provincia de Tucumán). RHS members can get exclusive individual advice from the RHS Gardening Advice team. Patio & Container Plants City & Courtyard Gardens, Pruning Pruning group 10 in spring if needed, Diseases Mexican heather ( Cuphea of hyssopifolia ) is not a real heath at all, but a perennial member of the family of purple loosestrife. Heather fits into many small corners in the landscaping design, but buying a number of plants can be expensive. Oviedo Prieto R, Herrera Oliver P, Caluff MG, et al., 2012. http://www.tropicos.org/, Morales-Serna JA, García-Ríos E, Madrigal D, Cárdenas J, Salmón M, 2011. There are purple and white lower forms. Get Everything You Need (1) Miracle-Gro Water-Soluble 5 lb. Mexican heather can be either a perennial or an annual. India Biodiversity Portal, 2016. Garden of Eden Keanae, Maui, Hawaii, USA. Duss RP, 1897. January 2008. Floridata. http://www.splink.org.br/, Technigro Australia, 2011. Used in borders, containers and as low hedges. In: Hawaii Ecosystems at Risk, Honolulu, USA: University of Hawaii. Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. Cuphea hyssopifolia (false heather); flowering habit. AGM plants have been through a rigorous trial and assessment programme. The plant is considered attractive to honeybees and other pollinators (Delaplane et al., 2000; Dave’s Garden, 2016). Each flower has 6 pink, purple or white petals (3-3.5 mm long) emerging from a green floral tube (5-8 mm long). Widely grown and sold as an ornamental plant (Francis, 2004; Dave’s Garden, 2016). This is also known as false heather but it actually not belongs to the heather family. A plant having so many tinny beautiful star-shaped flowers that bloom a year. Quick growing Mexican native perennial that reaches only twelve inches tall and wide returning in the spring if mulched heavily. http://www.hear.org/AlienSpeciesInHawaii/index.html, Hodges G, Edwards GB, Dixon W, 2005. How to Prune Heather. Also known as false heather, Mexican heather (Cuphea hyssopifolia) is a flowering groundcover that produces masses of bright green leaves. false heather elfin herb, Synonyms Taxonomy of vascular plants in botanical garden, Baguio City., http://www.academia.edu/3876692/Taxonomy_of_Vascular_Plants_in_Botanical_Garden_Baguio_City, Flora, Mesoamericana, 2016. (INCT-Herbário Virtual da Flora e dos Fungos)., http://www.splink.org.br/, USDA-ARS, 2016. Flore phanérogamique des Antilles françaises. Propagate by seed, Suggested planting locations and garden types Seeds are expelled from the fruits, while vegetative reproduction can occur by layering where branches touch the ground (Francis, 2004). … Continue reading "False heather" Grows along the edges of creeks and rivers and in humid forests (Flora Mesoamericana, 2016), and in disturbed areas (Francis, 2004). The Vetal hills: an urban wildscape in peril, Taprobanica, 7(2):72-78. A survey of medicinal plants used by Kavirajes of Chalna area, Khulna District, Bangladesh. Catalogue of Seed Plants of the West Indies. Walmart Kahului, Maui, Hawaii, USA. USDA ARS. This low-growing shrub definitely demonstrates year-round beauty, whether from its abundant summer blooms or its ever-changing foliage. Naturalized in tropical regions around the world where it has been widely planted as an ornamental (HEAR, 2016). C. hyssopifolia is a compact, bushy spreading evergreen shrub to 45cm in height, with small, lance-shaped dark green leaves and small clusters of light purple, pink or white flowers 1cm across, Plant range Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). http://www.fs.fed.us/rm/pubs_other/iitf_gtr026.pdf, GBIF, 2016. 99-154, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: UH Coop. http://floridata.com/Plants/Lythraceae/Cuphea%20hyssopifolia/932, SpeciesLink, 2016. http://botany.si.edu/Antilles/WestIndies/catalog.htm, Chua RT, 2013. Chilli thrips Scirtothrips dorsalis Hood (Thysanoptera: Thripidae). Does not tolerate frost or salt (Francis, 2004). May cause contact dermatitis (University of California, 2016). Gardening for native bees in Utah and beyond. Floriglory Maria Mexican Heather. Calluna are typically hardy in Zones 5-7 but may thrive as far north as Zone 3 with adequate winter protection or snow cover. Genus Cuphea can be annuals, perennials or evergreen shrubs, often with sticky hairs, opposite, simple leaves and tubular flowers with a showy calyx and small petals False Heather Cuphea hyssopifolia 'Allyson' Discontinued. In: Boletín de la Academia Nacional de Ciencias Exactas, Córdoba, 183-234. Heather is a popular perennial shrub in northern gardens.This tough little plant often blooms when it’s too cold for anything else to show any color and can thrive in soil that’s too acidic for most other plants. I think our zone is on the cusp so if you live elsewhere, you may be able to have the plants come back year after year. Mexican False Heather is a tropical evergreen sub-shrub that grows to 24" in height and 36" wide. Heather (Calluna Vulgaris) - Scotch heather, an evergreen ground cover or low shrub for sun, blooms during late summer in various shades of red or pink. Allyson Mexican Heather makes a fine choice for the outdoor landscape, but it is also well-suited for use in outdoor pots and containers. Considered a transformative invasive plant in Cuba by Oviedo Prieto et al. 2008 False heather is a vigorous ground-cover that can be used as a bedding plant. Annales d’ L’Institut Colonial des Marseilles, 30. http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/3398869#page/9/mode/1up, Flora Mesoamericana, 2016. https://agresearchmag.ars.usda.gov/2006/jul/seeds, Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015. Agricultural Research Magazine, July 2006. http://www.botany.si.edu/pacificislandbiodiversity/hawaiianflora/supplement.htm, Wagner WL, Herbst DR, Sohmer SH, 1999. Commonly they are known as cupheas, or, in the case of some species, as cigar plants. http://www.botany.si.edu/pacificislandbiodiversity/hawaiianflora/supplement.htm. The species epithet hyssopifolia means “hyssop-leaved.”. They tend to be short lived with layering extending the lives of individual plants (Francis, 2004).Environmental Requirements. Several natural enemies occur on C. hyssopifolia (Hodges et al., 2005), however none found were specific to this species. The generic name is derived from the Greek word kyphos , meaning "bent," "curved," or "humped. Cuphea hyssopifolia is native to Mexico and parts of Guatemala. Whitefoord C, 1989. (Bishop Museum Special Publication 97), Webster L, 1992. Mexican heather is beloved for its delicate-looking foliage and countless clusters of prettily colored flowers. Join http://davesgarden.com/sitewidesearch.php?q=cuphea+hyssopifolia. [ Reply to this comment | ] The species name alludes to the similarity of the foliage to that of the European herb, hyssop. It prefers a semi-shady location and minimal pruning. Some roots will remain in the ground, and that is okay. Cuphea hyssopifolia 'Purple', Family Rahmatullah M, Ferdausi D, Mollik M A H, Jahan R, Chowdhury M H, Haque W M, Haque M, 2010. Family Lythraceae . Cuphea hyssopifolia (false heather); flowers and leaves. Flower borders and beds Wall-side Borders Flora Mesoamericana. Cuphea hyssopifolia. Cuphea is in the Lythraceae family (USDA-ARS, 2016), and is a genus containing about 260 species of annual and perennial flowering plants native to warm temperate to tropical regions of the Americas. Browse pictures and read growth / cultivation information about Cuphea Species, Elfin Herb, False Heather, Hawaiian Heather, Mexican Heather (Cuphea hyssopifolia) supplied by member gardeners in … Rahmatullah M, Ferdausi D, Mollik A, Jahan R, Chowdhury MH, Haque WM, 2010. Jorge Hieronymus (1874) lists it as a component of the pampas ecosystem in Argentina, for instance. Lythraceae, Genus Cuphea hyssopifolia (false heather); flowers and leaves. 2n=16 (Flora Mesoamericana, 2016).Reproductive Biology, Flowers are pollinated by bees and other insects (Murali et al., 2013; Kane and Kervin, 2013). Prepare the garden by breaking up the existing soil (use a hoe, spade, or power tiller). Seeds were available in seed catalogues as early as 1877 (Bliss, 1877). Naturalized plants occur in the Caribbean (Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012), Hawaii (HEAR, 2016), India (India Biodiversity Portal, 2016), and New Zealand (USDA-ARS, 2016) among other countries. Virtually all of the features of the old searches are still available and in addition we have added several new features to create a more comprehensive and user friendly search experience. Common Name: Stardust bush Mexican heather can be sold under a variety of other names, including false heather, Hawaiian heather and elfin herb. Take care to use your shovel or spade at least 12 inches further out than the furthest-reaching branches of the plant, in order to protect the root system. Occurs in the understorey of deciduous and semi-deciduous lowland and mid-elevation forests and in oak forests (Graham, 1991). Gardeners describe seedlings as easy to uproot (Dave’s Garden, 2016). Plants were naturalized in Martinique and Guadeloupe as well as cultivated as early as 1897 (Duss, 1897). Shake the loose soil from the roots. Gen. Tech. In: Journal of the Arnold Arboretum, 70 143-152. Mexico, Guatemala, All ratings refer to the UK growing conditions unless otherwise stated. https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysimple.aspx, Wagner WL, Herbst DR, Kahn N, Flynn T, 2012. This plant looks like a bonsai tree plant. http://www.academia.edu/3876692/Taxonomy_of_Vascular_Plants_in_Botanical_Garden_Baguio_City, Dave’s Garden, 2016. Short, evergreen shrubs growing 20 – 70 cm tall. Online Portal of India Biodiversity., http://indiabiodiversity.org/species/list, Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015. Recent plant collections from Dominica, Journal of the Arnold Arboretum, 70:143-152, Acevedo-Rodríguez P, Strong M T, 2012. Small pink, white or lavender flowers decorate the plant throughout most of the year. The Vetal hills: an urban wildscape in peril. St. Louis, Missouri, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden. Cuphea Hyssopifolia is an evergreen shrub or perennial plant. Warming up to Cuphea, seeds get special treatment after cold storage. the RHS today and get 12 months for the price of 9, Other common names UH–CTAHR Perennial Bedding Plants for Hawai‘i OF-41 — Mar. The Mexican Heather plant needs to be in direct sunlight, but only about three hours out of each day. Divided into 3 groups these lists, linked below, are maintained by a team of RHS staff and are reviewed annually. False Heather is a fine choice for the garden, but it is also a good selection for planting in outdoor pots and containers. False Heather features dainty lavender tubular flowers along the branches from late spring to late summer. Planting Instructions. How to use it: In frost-free zones, Mexican heather makes a wonderful evergreen groundcover and provides non-stop bloom in borders, foundation plantings and containers. Hawaii Ecosystems at Risk. The fruit is not ornamentally significant. Cuphea can be annuals, perennials or evergreen shrubs, often with sticky hairs, opposite, simple leaves and tubular flowers with a showy calyx and small petals, Details False Heather is a multi-stemmed evergreen shrub with an upright spreading habit of growth. Small pink, white or lavender flowers decorate the plant throughout most of the year. The plant needs the root ball (the large, tangled ball of roots) in order to survive, and the out-laying roots are not as essential to its health. Solitary flowers grow from the leaf axils along the branches. In zones 8 and lower where the climate is colder, it is best to grow this plant indoors or in a greenhouse. Crop Pollination by bees. Leaves opposite, narrowly lanceolate, 10-35 × 1-8 mm. 7 (2), 91-97. http://journals.sfu.ca/africanem/index.php/ajtcam/article/view/1007, SpeciesLink, 2016. Our Botanical team are working hard to increase the number of plants with detailed information. Tropicos database., St. Louis, Missouri, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden. http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/tax_search.pl, Wagner WL, Herbst DR, Kahn N, Flynn T, 2012. Best grown in well-drained soil in a sheltered site in sun or partial shade but shade from hot sun. http://indiabiodiversity.org/species/list, Jorge Hieronymus D, 1874. Origin and distribution of adventive alien flowering plants in Hawai`i, In: Stone CP, Smith CW, Tunison JT, eds. Mon – Fri | 9am – 5pm, Join the RHS today and support our charity. It has attractive green foliage which emerges light green in spring. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. RHS Garden Hyde Hall Spring and Orchid Show, Free entry to RHS members at selected This plant only needs about one inch of water each week. Planted widely as an ornamental (Francis, 2004) and has escaped and naturalized in several places around the world (Francis, 2004; Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012; HEAR, 2016). A petite shrub that grows 1-2 ft. high and 2-3 ft. wide, tiny bright green leaves are held in neat opposite pairs on outward growing branchlets. Taxonomy of vascular plants in botanical garden, Baguio City. National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, USA. In: Taprobanica, 7 (2) 72-78. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. Native to Mexico and Guatemala, Mexican heather is a perennial evergreen that prefers warm, tropical climates such as those in USDA planting zones 9 and 10. Cuphea 'Floriglory Maria' Though it looks delicate, Floriglory Maria Mexican heather is an ultra-tough plant with large, pure-white flowers. Hawaiian Vascular Plant Updates: A Supplement to the Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawai`i and Hawai`i's Ferns and Fern Allies. 2011) and in Bangladesh (Rahmatullah et al., 2010). Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide. Search by plant name, key attributes or both to find plant details and a list of Prefers to grow in moist environments with over 1400 mm rainfall/year (Francis, 2004). Washington DC, USA: Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History. (Lista nacional de especies de plantas invasoras y potencialmente invasoras en la República de Cuba - 2011). The generic name is derived from the Greek word kyphos, meaning "bent," "curved," or "humped. The species range from low-growing herbaceous plants to semi-woody shrubs up to 2 m (6 ft 7 in) tall. 0.5-1 metres, Time to ultimate height http://www.tropicos.org/Project/fm, Francis JK, 2004. http://www.technigro.com.au/fieldguides/Colombian%20waxweedWEB.pdf, University of California, 2016. The False heather brings a touch of delicacy and fresh foliage character into our gardens and landscapes. Pesticides should always be used in a lawful manner, consistent with the product's label. Minimum temperature ranges (in degrees C) are shown in brackets, Ultimate height A survey of medicinal plants used by Kavirajes of Chalna area, Khulna district, Bangladesh., African Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines, 7(2):91-97, Royal Horticultural Society, 2016. March 2011. For the heather lover in the North, these are the plants of choice, as opposed to the true heaths, which offer more colors but are generally less hardy. https://www.rhs.org.uk/plants/details?plantid=598, Scheper J, 2003. It has highly branched, feathery foliage, with small oblong leaves appearing alternately along the stems. Data source for updated system data added to species habitat list. Online Portal of India Biodiversity. Observaciones sobre la vegetación de la Provincia de Tucumán, Boletín de la Academia Nacional de Ciencias Exactas, Córdoba, 1874:183-234, Kane JH, Kervin L, 2013. Alien species in Hawaii. Plants are widely cultivated and sold as seeds or as rooted plants in pots (Francis, 2004; Dave’s Garden, 2016). Other common names false heather elfin herb . ... flowering perennial heather plant mexican heather perennials Prefers full sun to part shade (Royal Horticultural Society, 2016). Rep. IITF-GTR-26, 1. The calyx teeth are triangular and the calyx may be glabrous or with a few stiff hairs. INCT-Herbário Virtual da Flora e dos Fungos. Alien plant invasions in native ecosystems of Hawai`i: management and research, pp. Cuphea seeds generally have improved germination after a short period of heating following cold storage (McGinnis, 2006).Physiology and Phenology, Plants flower and produce seeds constantly (Francis, 2004).
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