The device does not fully restore hearing, but it gives a representation of sounds to help a person understand speech. Pastor applies if a minister leads a congregation. It is a description rather than a formal title; do not capitalize, even when used with a name. What is The Diversity Style Guide? Some Filipino Americans, often younger, prefer Pilipino because Tagalog (pronounced tuh-GAW-lug), the leading dialect of the Philippines, lacks an “F” sound. While it is common to see Hispanic and Latinx/Latino/a used interchangeably, they are not synonymous. Some are unintentional. The -x suffix replaces the standard o/-a ending of nouns and adjectives, used to signify grammatical gender in Spanish. However, many Christian groups – particularly the Roman Catholic Church – draw a strong distinction between proselytizing and evangelizing. Avoid. It is unclear what evolutionary advantage is conferred by such a feature. The laws were enforced primarily in the South and were used to justify segregation for almost 80 years. Pronounced “YAH-mi-kuh.” Yiddish name for the skullcap traditionally worn by Jewish men in synagogue, and by some Jews at all times. The Philippines, claimed by Spanish explorers, was named after King Philip II of Spain (1527-1598). Massacre of civilians in Cambodia by the Communist Khmer Rouge in mid-1970s. Hip-hop [sometimes spelled hip hop, without the hyphen] is often identified as just a music form, but it goes well beyond music. extensions – Human or synthetic hair used to make a person’s existing hair longer. According to the website for the documentary "This is Nollywood," Nigeria's booming film industry is the world's third largest producer of feature films after Hollywood and Bollywood, but most films there are made on shoestring budgets. The website contains more than 700 entries of terms on race, ethnicity, gender identity, mental health, sexual orientation, religion, disability, suicide and substance abuse. It's worth mentioning that the Department of Homeland Security considers the use of ethnic slurs a form of harassment on the basis of race and/or national origin in some circumstances. The “A" in LGBTQIA may also refer to “ally" or “allied," meaning someone who does not identify as LGBTQIA but supports those who do. Abbreviation for “men who have sex with men.” It is a behavioral and public health category, used in a medical or scientific context. An individual who intentionally does not conform to predominant binary gender roles or expression. West Africa’s film industry, based  in Lagos, Nigeria. The Roman Catholic and Orthodox churches were united until 1054, when the Great Schism occurred, mainly as a result of disputes over papal authority. During healing process, the skin cells overproduce, creating a dense, dome-shaped formation. It requires Muslims to live righteously, to protect and expand their community and to establish a just society. If it's merely for prurient reasons or to sensationalize the story. nia (purpose) The name plays off Jewish entertainers’ Borscht Belt. External manifestations of gender, expressed through one's name, pronouns, clothing, haircut, behavior, voice, or body characteristics. The Religion Stylebook offers this guidance on religious titles for the major religious traditions as well as traditions in which titles are likely to be unfamiliar to many journalists: Pentecostalism: There are dozens of Pentecostal denominations as well as many nondenominational churches that are Pentecostal, so titles vary greatly. “Victim” is also “a noun which identifies a person solely according to what someone did to them; it conveys nothing about what they did to resist or respond, or anything about any other identity they may have. DACA stands for Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals. trans on second reference and in headlines. People of African or Asian descent are more likely to get keloids than those with lighter skin. We ask that the term "Mormons" not be used. Journalists can refer to the so-called “religious left,” but it is best to specify which groups they are referring to and what action they are promoting. Asian pronunciation and transliteration rules are also complex. Do not capitalize. Since the early 20th century, the Indian government has called this group the “Scheduled Castes.”. The Inuit people of Greenland refer to themselves as 'Greenlanders' or 'Kalaallit' in their language, which they call 'Greenlandic' or 'Kalaallisut.' Refers to an inhabitant of the Philippines, the former Spanish possession and American colony. Indian women wear mehndi for special occasions such as weddings. Pronounced “ha-RAHM.” In Arabic, something that is forbidden or prohibited in Islam. Somalia Jackie Robinson integrated Major League Baseball in 1947. Otherwise, the terms mental disability, intellectual disability and developmental disability are acceptable. Do not use to describe a person of African descent. She was portrayed as sexy and evil in Chinese silk gowns with long sleeves, a cigarette holder in her hand. Mental illnesses also are known as mental disorders. A boy automatically reaches the milestone at age 13, while a girl reaches it at age 12 (bat mitzvah). Use people-first language when describing someone with dementia, such as a person with dementia. Here are some tips from the guide: Jehovah’s Witnesses: Jehovah’s Witnesses have no formal clergy titles and do not use honorifics such as the Rev. "Which is it, Hispanic or Latino?" In Buddhism and Hinduism, the universal law of cause and effect; the effect (or fruits) of a person’s actions in one’s next lifetime. Hasidic Judaism is usually structured around a “rebbe,” or revered spiritual teacher whose interpretations of Jewish law govern the community. It is one of the most popular symbols for Hindus, Jains and Buddhists. [Use native-born to describe someone who is born in the United States but isn't American Indian.] The term criminalizes the person rather than the actual act of illegally entering or residing in the United States without federal documents. Offensive when used as an epithet. It traces a covenant between the Jewish people and God that began with Abraham and continued through Jacob, Moses, David [as well as and others to today’s modern Jews. Often a pejorative term for a transgender person, it is now being reclaimed by some transgender people. The mass is followed by a reception with food, family, music, dancing and more. Arabic word for God. It is also becoming more popular among other Protestant churches. A raised scar that can develop after skin injury. "Historically underserved" students are defined as low-income students, those who are first in their families to attend college, and students of color. Dalit (capitalized) is a more respectful and current term for castes once called “untouchables.” M.K. Also capitalize such references as God the Father, Holy Ghost and Holy Spirit. The belief that some aspects of life forms are so complex that they must reflect the design of a conscious, rational intelligence. [G]enocide means any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group, as such: Only identify a person’s race, ethnicity or national origin if it is relevant to your work. Malawi Use people-first language, stating that someone is a person with Tourette syndrome or a person diagnosed with Tourette syndrome. Liberalization of this law, in 1965, allowed the first large-scale migration of Asians into the United States in the 20th Century. Symptom severity depends on the type of drug, the dosage, and how long and how frequently it has been taken. In Judaism, refers to ritually pure food prepared in accordance with Jewish dietary laws. Refer to the subject as someone who has Alzheimer’s disease rather than using suffers from or afflicted with. Mantras are commonly used by Hindus, Buddhists and Jains and are traditionally drawn from Sanskrit scriptures, such as the Vedas. While these categorizations or proxies can be helpful in demonstrating context, they are only proxies and not equivalent to "low-income." Instead use sexual orientation. Today, many manga characters have big heads and large expressive eyes. Many Jewish comedians and performers got their start in the Borscht Belt. The residents of Ayodhya, overjoyed at the return of their beloved king, lit lamps in his honor. An unofficial language spoken in northern India, a mixture of Urdu and Hindi. It implies that one person is the spokesperson for all Black people. The U.S. Census Bureau, which adheres to the 1997 Office of Management and Budget standards on race and ethnicity, defines White as “a person having origins in any of the original peoples of Europe, the Middle East, or North Africa.” A movement within Orthodox Judaism that tends to integrate traditional Jewish practices and beliefs with life in the secular world while retaining a distinctive Jewish identity and presence. Read this book using Google Play Books app on your PC, android, iOS devices. Updated October 3, 2019 Gender is not synonymous with sex. Associated Press voted to accept the singular In any group there is a diversity of opinion. The word “genocide” was included in the indictment, but as a descriptive, not legal, term. Slang or nonstandard form of the English language that is used by some in the Black community. Other names were California curl, S-curl, carefree curl and luster curl. However, it persists in many traditional villages and communities. In many instances, these quotas and preferences have exacerbated tensions and resentments between caste groups and deepened caste-based identity and prejudice. They are distinct and are not merely separate dialects of the same language, there there are many dialects, too. "Lift ev’ry voice and sing, Simply being transgender does not make someone gender non-conforming. * This entry has been modified to remove the word "evangelical" from the definition and add "Protestant", Often translated as “son of the commandment” in Hebrew and Aramaic since "bar" is "son" in Aramaic and "mitzvah" is "commandment" in both Hebrew and Aramaic. eg: "Indo-American art" may refer to art by South Asians of all backgrounds, not just India. Extremely offensive when used as an epithet. A companion to the online resource of the same name, The Diversity Style Guide raises the consciousness of journalists who strive to be accurate. In 1931, two white women stepped from a train box car in Paint Rock, Ala., and falsely accused nine black teenagers of rape while on the train. For transgender people, their own internal gender identity does not match the sex they were assigned at birth. Archaic, possibly anti-Semitic rather than anti-Asian. While the group says all lives matter, not all lives face the same threats. Land held by the United States for the use and benefit of American Indian tribes. Capitalize metropolitan when used as a title before a name. About 1.8 million died en route. Diversity Program Consortium Style Guide How to use this Style Guide This guide is divided into topic areas that should be considered when writing a document or giving a presentation regarding the Diversity Program Consortium (DPC) that will be available to the broader community. kuumba (creativity) Do not use the word proselytize unless you know it is being used in a negative context. New diversity style guide helps journalists write with authority and accuracy about a complex, multicultural world A companion to the online resource of the same name, The Diversity Style Guide raises the consciousness of journalists who strive to be accurate. On July 13, 2020 the team announced it would retire the controversial name and call itself the "Washington Football Team" pending adoption of a new name. For women, lesbian is generally used, but when possible ask the subject which term she prefers. Nigga is a variation of nigger that also has gained traction in recent years. People in the United States who share a lineage that can be traced directly or indirectly to Europe. Algeria Infantile paralysis is short for poliomyelitis and was commonly used in the past to describe polio. This process occurs over time and may include adopting the aesthetic markers of the new gender; telling one’s family, friends and/or co-workers; changing one’s name and/or sex on legal documents; hormone therapy; and sometimes, but not always, surgery or other body modification procedures. In the United States, the largest Eastern Orthodox church is the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America, followed by the Orthodox Church in America. Some Orthodox Jews might consider themselves “modern Orthodox,” meaning that the men do not keep long beards or wear traditional garb. Many have come to see this as a false dichotomy, given the existence of intersex, transgender people and agender people. People who step out of their socially assigned gender roles are sometimes referred to as transgender. Other generational terms include Issei (first generation) for the immigrant generation, Nisei (second generation) for the American born children of the Nisei, and Sansei (third generation) for the children of the Nisei and parents of the Yonsei. In American families, a mother, a daughter or a sister might decide to cover her head while the other does not. The vast majority decide to remain within the Amish community. The word cisgender distinguishes without assuming that cisgender is the neutral or normal state."]. Hello Select your address Best Sellers Today's Deals Electronics Customer Service Books New Releases Home Computers Gift Ideas Gift Cards Sell Episcopal Church: Among Protestant churches, the Episcopal Church has titles that are particularly challenging. ("shubh" means "auspicious"). For the purposes of collecting statistics, Congress has defined a hate crime as a 'criminal offense against a person or property motivated in whole or in part by an offender’s bias against a race, religion, disability, ethnic origin or sexual orientation.' Diversity style guide Language around diversity continues to evolve, and writers should be thoughtful and open to discussions about what constitutes fair and precise language. Yemen (1945) The most common forms of mental illness are anxiety disorders, mood disorders, and schizophrenia disorders. If there’s a term we’re missing or a resource you’d like to share, drop us a line on our Contact page. It is not a synonym for nondenominational. Not a synonym for white. The word “special” in relationship to those with disabilities is now widely considered offensive because it euphemistically stigmatizes that which is different. Somalia (1974) "Some Very Basic Tips for Making Higher Education More Accessible to Trans Students and Rethinking How We Talk About Gendered Bodies," (PDF) by Dean Spade, Radical Teacher, Winter 2011, ADA National Network – Guidelines for Writing About People With Disabilities, National Center on Disability and Journalism (NCDJ), Arizona State University, National Disability Rights Network – Reporting and Writing About Disabilities, SPRC, Style Guide – Reporting on Mental Health, American Indian & Alaska Native Alone & Tribe Los Angeles County, 2010 Census, AP Stylebook's race-related coverage guidance​, Asian American Journalists Association's Guide to Covering Asian America, Campaign for College Opportunity report on higher education in California and Asian American Native Hawaiian Pacific Islanders (2015), Conscious Style Guide – Race, Ethnicity & Nationality, Dr. Timothy Fong, Professor, Ethnic Studies / Director, Liberal Studies and Social Science Program (LSSSP) / Director and Principal Investigator, Full Circle Project, Sacramento State, Dr. Theresa Gregor, Assistant Professor, American Indian Studies, CSU Long Beach, National Association of Black Journalists Style Guide, Native American Journalists Association's Reporter's Indigenous Terminology Guide, Dr. Maythee Rojas, Professor of Chicano and Latino Studies at CSU Long Beach, U.S. Census Bureau Race and Ethnicity One-Pager (PDF), Women, men and people who don't identify with a specific, Normal/norm (to refer to people who are not transgender, gender-fluid, non-binary), Sex change (preferred terms: sex reassignment, gender transition), Transvestite (preferred term: cross-dresser). Use with caution. Also, names and orders of names that were used in South Asia often get confused when immigrants arrive in the United States, forcing them to adopt names and spellings more “convenient” for mainstream America. The Diversity Style Guide offers tips for writing about people from a variety of backgrounds. A complete language that utilizes “signs made by moving the hands combined with facial expressions and postures of the body,” according to the National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders. The Roma, or Romani (also spelled Romany) are a traditionally itinerant ethnic group, who live mostly in Europe; branches of the ethnic group live in the Americas, Asia and North Africa. See all-American, Aryan, White. It marks Jesus Christ’s Resurrection from the dead three days after his Crucifixion. For more about the baby boom, see The Baby Boom Cohort in the United States: 2012 to 2060, a report by the U.S. Census Bureau. These behavioral changes are also accompanied by changes in brain functioning, especially in the brain’s natural inhibition and reward centers.". Instead, use undocumented immigrant or undocumented worker, both of which are terms that convey the same descriptive information without carrying the psychological baggage. See Quran. It is sometimes worn with a hijab and/or a niqab. Some women prefer to be called gay rather than lesbian; when possible, ask the subject which term she prefers. This mistreatment is reinforced by social institutions, laws, customs, and attitudes.". There is no central religious authority, so theological and legal interpretations can vary from region to region, country to country and even mosque to mosque. On December 9, 1948, in the shadow of the Holocaust and in no small part due to the tireless efforts of Lemkin himself, the United Nations approved the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide. It also includes using prescription drugs in ways other than prescribed or using someone else’s prescription. Term often used in anthropological studies to set apart identities other than man or woman that appear across different cultures. Popes were also allowed to travel outside the Vatican’s confines. Ableism may take the form of improper treatment of people with disabilities, denial of access, or rejection of disabled applicants for housing and jobs. When not handled carefully, each of the following elements has been shown to raise the risk of suicide for people tempted to imitate the publicized behavior: before the name of a priest on first reference; on second reference use only his last name. A term as broad as European. Puerto Ricans were made citizens in 1917, though they had not requested it. [In 2016, President Barack Obama signed legislation (HR 4238) that replaced the term Eskimo with Alaska Native in federal laws. The first major fracture came in the 11th century, when Western, Latin-Rite Christianity under the bishop of Rome split with the patriarchs of the Orthodox churches in the East, based in Constantinople. See Ashkenazi. The U.S. Census Bureau uses terms such as "Hispanic or Latino" and "non-Hispanic or Latino" in its survey questions on ethnicity and race. Capitalize in all references. The belief that a particular ethnic, racial or religious group achieves greater success than the population average. Avoid. There is continuing tension over what that policy means. In Sunni and Shiite Islam, there are various madhhabs, or schools of thought, and other theological traditions. Lesbian, gay and bisexual people use various terms to describe their commitments. A 20th-century movement, founded by Rabbi Mordechai Kaplan, that views Judaism as a social rather than a God-centered phenomenon. A child born to a non-citizen mother in a country that grants automatic citizenship to children born on its soil, especially if parents plan the birth to secure eventual citizenship for themselves and other members of their family. This Islamic term for shaking, uprising and insurrection generally is used to refer to the Palestinian resistance of the Israeli occupation of the Gaza Strip and the West Bank. Specific events mark the beginnings of different intifadas. A commonly accepted term for a people in a committed relationship. Intellectual functioning level (IQ) below 70-75 2. Jesse Jackson popularized the term African American, which had already existed, in the 1980s. Significant limitations in adaptive skills — the basic conceptual, social and practical skills needed for everyday life 3. According to the Federal Bureau of Investigation, a hate crime is "a traditional offense like murder, arson, or vandalism with an added element of bias. There is evidence these experiences pile up and can hurt mental health and performance at work or school. Slaves often used songs to relay messages of escape. Use the Rev. Columbia Journalism Review, 2015 The crackdown is a central event in modern Chinese history. Based on studies, news reports and style guides, as well as interviews with more than 50 journalists and experts, it offers the best, most up … Uppercase in all references. Literally, before Christ or the Christian era. flight attendant. If the person uses terms you don't know, ask them to explain each so you're sure to use it correctly. New diversity style guide helps journalists write with authority and accuracy about a complex, multicultural world A companion to the online resource of the same name, The Diversity Style Guide raises the consciousness of journalists who strive to be … Be sure the description is properly attributed. Pope Brings Message of Brotherly Love To Pennsylvania City The way or path that Muslims follow to achieve God’s will on Earth. The Associated Press Stylebook continues to use Voodoo. See the section on race and ethnicity for more information. Archdeacons are addressed with the honorific the Venerable, as in the Venerable Jill Smith. It developed after the death of the Prophet Muhammad, when his followers split over who would lead Islam. Most intelligent design supporters do not believe that life forms share a common ancestor, although some do. Gandhi coined the term Harijan (“children of God”) to refer to these castes. Many Quaker ministers in the Midwest and West use the Rev. For example, you would refer to a "graduate student who has epilepsy" but not a "graduate student who's an epileptic." It is most commonly used by trans people. Congress passed the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965 to guarantee basic civil rights for all Americans, regardless of race, after nearly a decade of nonviolent protests and marches, ranging from the 1955-1956 Montgomery bus boycott to the student-led sit-ins of the 1960s to the March on Washington in 1963. Avoid these terms as they are often used inaccurately and can be offensive. They restricted African Americans’ access to businesses and public amenities including schools, transportation, housing, retail and restaurants, bathrooms, drinking fountains and more. A Muslim place of learning usually associated with a mosque. Transgender, genderqueer and other people who step outside the  male-female gender paradigm often adopt new pronouns for themselves. Term for third-generation Japanese Americans, originating from the Japanese language term for "third generation." Smith said he translated this record with divine help and published it as the Book of Mormon. Hello Select your address Best Sellers Today's Deals Electronics Customer Service Gift Ideas Books Home New Releases Computers Gift Cards Coupons Sell Refer to someone as having dementia only if the information is relevant to the story and a licensed medical professional has formally diagnosed the person. Muslims believe that Abraham built the kaaba hundreds of years before the time of Muhammad, whose family belonged to the tribe that cared for the building. Instead, say the person has paraplegia. He is joined by two counselors, who constitute the governing First Presidency. (Others were in Jerusalem, Antioch, Alexandria and elsewhere.) Among Shiites, mullahs are lower-level clergy who generally have only rudimentary religious education. Opinions vary on how to refer to someone with autism. To start off, this guide was developed as a project of the Center for Integration and Improvement of Journalism at the San Francisco State University. the Hungarian race. "Native American vs. American Indian: Political correctness dishonors traditional chiefs of old," Native Times] A buzzword often used in the affirmative action debate, however, it is not synonymous with affirmative action, which is a practice, activity or program aimed at correcting the enduring effects of discrimination and helping to diversify businesses, organizations and schools. You can simply say they do not have a disability (or, if necessary, use "non-disabled") when it's necessary to distinguish that someone doesn't have a disability. Hispanic, Latino/a, Latinx, Latin@, Chicano/a. Do not use descriptions that include only a few items or are vague, such as tall, dark clothes. It is most often used in reference to formal religious services, but also applies to private prayer and other acts done to honor or revere the sacred. ; Eric Garner in Staten Island, NY; Freddie Gray in Baltimore—were killed by police in cities around the country.] See Chicana/Chicano, Chican@, Hispanic, Latin@, and Latinx. Boomers and boomer generation are preferred over baby boomers, which is perceived as condescending. That authority continued to be exercised under the successors to Peter, bishops who later came to be known by the title of pope. This group’s formal name is the Religious Society of Friends, but Quakers can be used in all references. Short for gay/lesbian pride, this term is commonly used to indicate  the celebrations commemorating the Stonewall Inn riots of June 28, 1969. Angel Island is now a state park run by the California Department of Parks and Recreation. His case, Plessy v. Ferguson, went to the U.S. Supreme Court. It is the most common neural tube defect in the U.S. One myth is that African Americans are the chief beneficiaries of affirmative action. It is a favored color for weddings in both cultures and it is the traditional color for the bindi worn by Indian women. A slur. Their worship and business gatherings are called meetings. The name is a combination of Bombay, the city now called Mumbai, and Hollywood. See African American, African-American, black. A green-card holder is not a U.S. citizen but can live in the United States permanently. Sheikh also is used as a secular title. The sub-Saharan Africa is predominantly black in ethnicity or culture and with few exceptions, such as Mauritius and South Africa, is one of the poorest regions in the world. On fluttered folk and wild-- A spiritual leader in a tribal society who heals people by channeling spirits, often in an altered state. See Asia, use and abuse of images from; Buddhism; stereotypes; Taoism. On second reference, the personal name is sometimes used. It is traditionally believed to be based on the symbols, celebrations, beliefs and deities of ancient Celtic peoples. It teaches that the way to bliss and liberation from the cycle of birth and rebirth is to live a life of harmlessness and renunciation. Avoid constructions like Muslim bomb. Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander refers to: "a person having origins in any of the original peoples of Hawaii, Guam, Samoa, or other Pacific Islands." Other terms commonly used to refer to people with Down syndrome are intellectually disabled, developmentally disabled or a person who has a cognitive disability or intellectual disability. Some Native Americans prefer their national affiliation instead of using the generic term Native American, e.g., Navajo, Hopi, Cherokee. It is widely used for religion and ceremony. [Jewish Renewal: Jewish Renewal is a transdenominational approach to revitalizing Judaism, according to Aleph, the Alliance for Jewish Renewal.
2020 diversity style guide