In 2009 the Gallery was promised a gift[72] of fifteen works of art by New York art collectors and philanthropists Julian and Josie Robertson – including well-known paintings by Paul Cézanne, Pablo Picasso, Henri Matisse, Paul Gauguin and Piet Mondrian. At the top end of Queen Street is Karangahape Road - usually called "K" Road" - and is 1 1/4 miles from Quay Street. There are two harbours surrounding this isthmus: Waitematā Harbour to the north, which opens east to the Hauraki Gulf and thence to the Pacific Ocean, and Manukau Harbour to the south, which opens west to the Tasman Sea. [42], Auckland occasionally suffers from air pollution due to fine particle emissions. Each of the four settlements had about 800 settlers; the men were fully armed in case of emergency, but spent nearly all their time breaking in the land and establishing roads. Earlier published maps include: 2001/2018: QMAP 1:250 000 geological map. The State Highway network connects the different parts of Auckland, with State Highway 1 being the major north–south thoroughfare through the city (including both the Northern and Southern Motorways) and the main connection to the adjoining regions of Northland and Waikato. [5] At the 2018 census, 48.1% of people living in the Auckland urban area were European/Pākehā, 11.5% were Māori, 17.5% were Pacific peoples, 31.6% were Asian, 2.5% were Middle Eastern, Latin American and/or African, and 1.0% were other ethnicities (totals add to more than 100% since people could identify with multiple ethnicities). [8] After a British colony was established in 1840, William Hobson, then Lieutenant-Governor of New Zealand, chose the area as his new capital. In Auckland city itself, the main street is Queen Street, which ends in Queen Elizabeth Square at Customs Street. Surface features include cones, lakes, lagoons, islands and depressions, and several have produced extensive lava flows. The plan aims to free up to 30 percent more land for housing and allows for greater intensification of the existing urban area, creating 422,000 new dwellings in the next 30 years. [citation needed], Positive aspects of Auckland life are its mild climate, plentiful employment and educational opportunities, as well as numerous leisure facilities. Maps and datasets from this initiative will start being released in late 2018. [108], The Auckland Harbour Bridge, opened in 1959, is the main connection between the North Shore and the rest of the Auckland region. [33], Auckland lies on and around an isthmus, less than two kilometres wide at its narrowest point, between Mangere Inlet and the Tamaki River. As a result, the region had relatively low numbers of Māori when settlement by European New Zealanders began.[14][15]. Some are several kilometres long. The Auckland urban area has a population of 1,470,100 people according to Statistics New Zealand's June 2020 estimate, which is 28.9 percent of New Zealand's population. After losing its status as capital, Auckland remained the principal city of the Auckland Province until the provincial system was abolished in 1876. Auckland Airport is 21 km (13 miles) south of the city behind Manukau Harbour. Check flight prices and hotel availability for your visit. According to the 1961 census data, Māori and Pacific Islanders comprised 5 percent of Auckland's population; Asians less than 1 percent. Auckland is a major centre of overseas language education, with large numbers of foreign students (particularly East Asians) coming to the city for several months or years to learn English or study at universities – although numbers New Zealand-wide have dropped substantially since peaking in 2003. Auckland has various small regional airports and Auckland Airport, the busiest of the country. Immigration to New Zealand is heavily concentrated towards Auckland (partly for job market reasons). The 2007 World Netball Championships were held at the Trusts Stadium. Europeans make up the plurality of Auckland's population, however substantial numbers of Māori, Pacific Islander and Asian peoples exist as well. [131] Transpower spent $1.25 billion in the early 2010s reinforcing the supply into and across Auckland, including a 400 kV-capable transmission line from the Waikato River to Brownhill substation (operating initially at 220 kV), and 220 kV underground cables between Brownhill and Pakuranga, and between Pakuranga and Albany via the CBD. [49] It is the only city in the world built on a basaltic volcanic field that is still active. Prehistoric earthworks and historic fortifications are in several of these parks, including Maungawhau / Mount Eden, North Head and Maungakiekie / One Tree Hill. Location boundaries (map) Downloads. There are also three racecourses within the city - (Ellerslie and Avondale for thoroughbred racing, and Alexandra Park for harness racing). Of the total population, 269,367 people (20.0%) were aged up to 15 years, 320,181 (23.8%) were 15 to 29, 605,823 (45.0%) were 30 to 64, and 150,720 (11.2%) were 65 or older. The University of Auckland, founded in 1883, is the largest university in New Zealand. Auckland Domain is one of the largest parks in the city, close to the Auckland CBD and having a good view of the Hauraki Gulf and Rangitoto Island. An electric train of Auckland's metro rail system. In the late 2000s, New Zealand's central government and parts of Auckland's society felt that this large number of councils, and the lack of strong regional government (with the Auckland Regional Council having only limited powers), were hindering Auckland's progress. It is estimated that the field will stay active for about one million years. Bridges span parts of both harbours, notably the Auckland Harbour Bridge crossing the Waitematā Harbour west of the central business district. [106] As of 2007[update], there are around 50 New Zealand Qualifications Authority (NZQA) certified schools and institutes teaching English in the Auckland area.[107]. Many pā (fortified villages) were created, mainly on the volcanic peaks. Getting around Auckland Destinations . Most of the Irish (though not all) were from Protestant Ulster. Auckland Airport is 21 km (13 miles) south of the city behind Manukau Harbour. [27] Arterial roads and motorways became both defining and geographically dividing features of the urban landscape. Legend changes on crime/area selection ... , Auckland, Hamilton, Tauranga, Napier-Hastings, Rotorua, Palmerston North, New Plymouth, Wellington, Nelson, Christchurch, Queenstown, Dunedin, Invercargill. The outermost suburbs are Orewa in the north, Papakura in the south, Henderson in the west and Howick in the east. Auckland's volcanoes are fuelled entirely by basaltic magma, unlike the explosive subduction-driven volcanism in the central North Island, such as at Mount Ruapehu and Lake Taupo which are of tectonic origin. Important institutions include the Auckland Art Gallery, Auckland War Memorial Museum, New Zealand Maritime Museum, National Museum of the Royal New Zealand Navy, and the Museum of Transport and Technology. The city is supplied from Transpower's national grid from thirteen substations across the city. Auckland Airport, New Zealand's largest, is in the southern suburb of Māngere on the shores of the Manukau Harbour. Auckland is part of the UNESCO Creative Cities Network in the category of music.[71]. #31 of 386 Outdoor Activities in Auckland. Late-night services (i.e. [4], The Auckland urban area had a usual resident population of 1,346,091 at the 2018 New Zealand census, an increase of 122,343 people (10.0%) since the 2013 census, and an increase of 212,484 people (18.7%) since the 2006 census. [28], The face of urban Auckland changed when the government's immigration policy began allowing immigrants from Asia in 1986. Auckland's port handled 31 percent of the country's container trade in 2015. [118] The rail upgrade has included electrification of Auckland's rail network, with electric trains constructed by Construcciones y Auxiliar de Ferrocarriles commencing service in April 2014. Work began in late 2015 to provide more route flexibility and connect Britomart more directly to western suburbs on the Western Line via an underground rail tunnel known as the City Rail Link project. The majority of settlers in the early period were assisted by receiving cheap passage to New Zealand. [51], Many ethnic groups from all corners of the world have a presence in Auckland, making it by far the country's most cosmopolitan city. The Māori population in the area is estimated to have been about 20,000 before the arrival of Europeans. The Central Motorway Junction, also called 'Spaghetti Junction' for its complexity, is the intersection between the two major motorways of Auckland (State Highway 1 and State Highway 16).[110]. [96] The government subsequently announced that a "super city" would be set up with a single mayor by the time of New Zealand's local body elections in 2010.[97][98]. [64], Auckland's lifestyle is influenced by the fact that while it is 70 percent rural in land area, 90 percent of Aucklanders live in urban areas[65] – though large parts of these areas have a more suburban character than many cities in Europe and Asia. They also allowed further massive expansion that resulted in the growth of suburban areas such as the North Shore (especially after the construction of the Auckland Harbour Bridge in the late 1950s), and Manukau City in the south. One Tree Hill (Maungakiekie) Natural Feature. [103], The city is home to some of the largest schools in terms of students in New Zealand, including Mt Albert Grammar School, the second largest school in New Zealand with a student population of 3035,[104] and Rangitoto College in the East Coast Bays area, the largest school in New Zealand with 3307 students as of March 2020. [82] The per-capita GDP of Auckland was estimated at NZ$58,717, the third-highest in the country after the Taranaki and Wellington regions, and above the national average of NZ$54,178. The administrative offices of the Government of the Pitcairn Islands is situated in Auckland. The city is served by Auckland Airport, which handles around 2 million international passengers a month. The 1998 electricity sector reforms required electricity companies to split their lines and supply business and sell one of them off. South and East Auckland map Sparkling blue waters, white-sand beaches, rolling countryside, boutique wineries and the largest native rainforest in the East Auckland region. The region encompasses the city centre, as well as suburbs, surrounding towns, nearshore islands, and rural areas north and south of the urban area. Events celebrating the city's cultural diversity include the Pasifika Festival, Polyfest, and the Auckland Lantern Festival, all of which are the largest of their kind in New Zealand. He named the area for George Eden, Earl of Auckland, British First Lord of the Admiralty. Get your personal map homepage and much more for free.. Auckland hotel and flight reservations Book hotel in Auckland online and save money. State Highway 22 is a non-motorway rural arterial connecting Pukekohe to the Southern Motorway at Drury. [79] The largest commercial and industrial areas of the Auckland Region are Auckland CBD and the western parts of Manukau, mostly bordering the Manukau Harbour and the Tamaki River estuary. There are frequent services to Australia, and to other New Zealand destinations. The region was now the nerve centre of the national economy. Auckland has at least 14 large lava tubes which run from the volcanoes down towards the sea. Many Auckland beaches are patrolled by surf lifesaving clubs, such as Piha Surf Life Saving Club the home of Piha Rescue. On the eastern coastline of the North Shore, where the Rangitoto Channel divides the inner Hauraki Gulf islands from the mainland, there are popular swimming beaches at Cheltenham and Narrow Neck in Devonport, Takapuna, Milford, and the various beaches further north in the area known as East Coast Bays. Major markets include those held in Ōtara and Avondale on weekend mornings. [28], The boundaries of Auckland are imprecisely defined. There are no major electricity generation stations located within the city or north of Auckland, so almost all of the electricity for Auckland and Northland must be transmitted from power stations in the south, mainly from Huntly Power Station and the Waikato River hydroelectric stations. [70] The Viaduct Basin, on the western edge of the CBD, hosted two America's Cup challenges (2000 Cup and 2003 Cup). A new suburb, Stonefields, has been built in an excavated lava flow, northwest of Maungarei / Mount Wellington, that was previously used as a quarry by Winstones. [108] Numerous arterial roads also provide regional and sub-regional connectivity, with many of these roads (especially on the isthmus) previously used to operate Auckland's former tram network. [1] 135,000 yachts and launches are registered in Auckland, and around 60,500 of the country's 149,900 registered yachtsmen are from Auckland,[69] with about one in three Auckland households owning a boat. He was re-elected for a second term in October 2013. Crop a region, add/remove features, change shape, different projections, adjust colors, even add your locations! This map provides ICB Conference delegates with key locations around Auckland. The west coast has popular surf beaches such as Piha, Muriwai and Te Henga (Bethells Beach). In a new subdivision at Hobsonville Point, 20 percent of new homes were reduced to below $550,000. [56], Recent immigration from Asia has added to the religious diversity of the city, increasing the number of people affiliating with Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam and Sikhism, although there are no figures on religious attendance. This substantial increase in population will have a major impact on transport, housing and other infrastructure that are, particularly in the case of housing, already considered under pressure. Auckland CBD is connected to coastal suburbs, to the North Shore and to outlying islands by ferry. Bus services in Auckland are mostly radial, with few cross-town routes. Other parks around the city are in Western Springs, which has a large park bordering the MOTAT museum and the Auckland Zoo. [90] Auckland has been described as having 'the most extensive range of timbered housing with its classical details and mouldings in the world', many of them Victorian-Edwardian style houses. Customized Auckland Region maps. These lines serve the western, southern and eastern parts of Auckland from the Britomart Transport Centre in downtown Auckland, the terminal station for all lines, where connections are also available to ferry and bus services. One of Auckland's nicknames, the "City of Sails", is derived from the popularity of sailing in the region. [67] Nonetheless, Auckland ranked third in a survey of the quality of life of 215 major cities of the world (2015 data).[68]. Private vehicles are the main form of transportation within Auckland, with around seven percent of journeys in the Auckland region undertaken by bus in 2006,[111] and two percent undertaken by train and ferry. Parts of Waiheke Island effectively function as Auckland suburbs, while various smaller islands near Auckland are mostly zoned 'recreational open space' or are nature sanctuaries. [99] Twenty councillors make up the remainder of the Auckland Council governing body, elected from thirteen electoral wards. When you have eliminated the JavaScript , whatever remains must be an empty page. Auckland Area Map. [4] It is located in the Auckland Region—the area governed by Auckland Council—which includes outlying rural areas and the islands of the Hauraki Gulf, resulting in a total population of 1,717,500. Roman Catholicism is the largest Christian denomination with 13.3 percent affiliating, followed by Anglicanism (9.1 percent) and Presbyterianism (7.4 percent). The total coastline of Auckland is 3,702 kilometres (2,300 mi) long.[34]. The high pressure transmission pipelines supplying the city are now owned and operated by First Gas, with Vector owning and operating the medium and low pressure distribution pipelines in the city. A major overhaul of Auckland's bus services was implemented during 2016–18, significantly expanding the reach of "frequent" bus services: those that operate at least every 15 minutes during the day and early evening, every day of the week. In response to the ongoing rebellion by Hōne Heke in the mid-1840s, the government encouraged retired but fit British soldiers and their families to migrate to Auckland to form a defence line around the port settlement as garrison soldiers. Auckland's housing is amongst the least affordable in the world, based on comparing average house prices with average household income levels[86][87] and house prices have grown well above the rate of inflation in recent decades. Some of the cones and flows have been partly or completely quarried away. This is the largest gift ever made to an art museum in Australasia. Parliament met in what is now Old Government House on the University of Auckland's City campus. [citation needed] Tourist attractions and landmarks in Auckland include: Auckland Council maintains relationships with the following cities[134], This article is about the urban area.
2020 auckland area map