Compare these to the list of Process Models in Appendix 2. The pig slaughter plant featured in this video is one of 5 facilities in the U.S., operating under a pilot program that allows high speed slaughter. Introduction Postmortem inspection covers the inspection of the carcasses and parts of meat used for human food. Implementation of a training program for pig breed-ers in cooperative on pig slaughtering and processing techniques. As for myself I have enjoyed my pig skewers in Masaka and pig liver in Kampala. • Under conventional slaughtering method, many of the pig slaughterers pluck the hair instead of scalding or burning it. 0000032470 00000 n dressed. << Lay It to Rest. Sides and Primal Cuts. Raw materials and general processing C. Minced meat D. Meat preparations <<43cf78ac1ce1004f81c3b9c00c2878c0>]>> Before you begin the actual cutting of steaks, chops and roasts on your pig you will need to break down your pig into primal cuts. trailer The traditional pig slaughter in Croatia as well as the neighboring Bosnia and Herzegovina, Slovenia and Serbia is a widespread practice that involves pig slaughtering, processing, and butchery of pig meat, and is observed by rural families, usually in late autumn. 6. Pork, Sheep, Goat Slaughter Model Directions for Use of the Hazard Analysis Form 1. Male grower pigs at around 2 ½ months before slaughter. Place the s hooks in the hocks and lift with the single tree.. Good work and Good eating. The other processes are the sam. 0000004170 00000 n Conscious pigs are being boiled alive In this video, captured at a pig slaughterhouse by Animal Rights International, we can see how conscious pigs are being boiled alive. The tradition is variously called "koline", kolinje, prašćina, svinjokolj, svinjokolja or svinjokolje or posjek. PIG SLAUGHTER LINE. Structural and prerequisite hygiene requirements B. It takes place after ante mortem inspection, and after the animal has Slaughtering must be made in the neck from the front (chest) to the back. Re-number steps as necessary. Pigs are induced into a chamber and exposed to a concentration of 85 percent CO 2 for about 45 seconds. 2. %PDF-1.2 Grains, such as wheat, Flushing: Practice of increasing feed allowance around time of serving (mating with boar) to increase number of eggs produced. Primal cuts of meat are initially separated from the carcass during processing. After reviewing and grouping the products produced, you will know the number of models that are needed to assist in developing your plant-specific plans. 11 0 obj 2.2 Pig abattoir means any premises and buildings established for pig slaughtering and dressing. Before you begin the butchering, make sure you're wearing heavy-duty disposable latex gloves. 0000001118 00000 n On average about 57% of a hog make it from the pen to the pan. Other Pig Meat (TAS 6000-2004). A single tree with s hooks is helpful for holding the pig’s rear legs apart when gutting the pig. 2194 0 obj<>stream %PDF-1.4 %���� >> Some culture… Feeder pig: Young pigs sold after weaning for growing to reach slaughter weight Finishing pig: Young pig generally weighing more than 60 Kg. H���[o�8�?A�_�,�W�z�%t�N�6;,���L��"ye9�̧�Û,Yd��A�/���s���T�(��*$E���F�_��.�\c$���|�L��s�.�o�%���V�wz?������O�yF�=�d�n�nc��}���~qu{QV+�4a��%G�� hog will yield approximately 144 lbs of retail cuts. Ritualistic or religious slaughter often requires the animal to bein a state of consciousness at the time it is bled. They are generally fasted for a day to reduce the amount of intestinal contents. Define how the establishment must dispose of condemned product. Slaughter methods prevailing throughout the world are governedeither by tradition, ritual or legislation depending upon the peopleand the country. xref 0000007124 00000 n Add any processing steps not already shown and make sure that each new step is assigned a number. 0000006601 00000 n Scalding or Skinning. A pig’s shoulder is pretty large with different … [P�!O��q�QHUz;��>�)���+�`A*�sV��>�v�巏W�F��ѧ��������W_�~����1�[C#xMv�����e%���ͺݢG�Ǿ���p@H�Տ��t;�M������f@u�u��l��Ђr�7{^U8�^��3,v=w}�]#�[�96�o^�[�d�no���Cݵ�5z�0ָ�n���g�P�������ǽ]fO�m��{����{��[+��=�>�Μ]��3��@�]? include biological (pathological and microbiological for beef slaughter), chemical or physical contamination of food products. Pig slaughter caught on hidden camera inside a USDA-approved and inspected slaughterhouse that supplies Hormel. 3. These recommendations address the need to ensure the welfare of food animals during pre-slaughter and slaughter processes, until they are dead. Head for the Shoulders. 0000002055 00000 n This process was a lot harder before we had the tractor, as the pig below weighs between 300 and 350lbs. *�%� Make sure that every step shown on the Process Flow Diagram is entered in the Hazard Analysis Form. Not all of the pig is edible pork. 0000000016 00000 n Study visit to Emilia Romagna Region (Italy) and ob-servation of slaughter and pig farming techniques for pig farmers in the cooperative. x���1 0ð4�v\G` z�0�=i2��\x���!��! endstream endobj 2209 0 obj<>/W[1 1 1]/Type/XRef/Index[86 2106]>>stream Pig slaughter line is divided into pig dehairing line and pig peeling line. Steps for Processing Your Wild Hog 1. The meat industry tortures billions of animals all over the world, and Europe is of course of no exception. 0000004248 00000 n live hog to 180 lbs. 0000003947 00000 n A. Koltuniewicz, in Comprehensive Membrane Science and Engineering, 2010. slaughterhouse for slaughtering and processing of pigs in Klinë/Klina. conducting both slaughter and processing activities, the Carbon dioxide stunning is used only in large pig abattoirs. Pig dehairing line uses scalding pool and dehairing machine to process pig hair. Pig feed is made up of a variety of grains, vitamins and minerals. Preslaughter handling is a major concern to the livestock industry, especially the pork industry. These recommendations address the need to ensure the welfare of food animals during pre-slaughter and slaughter processes, until they are dead. The slaughter process has two stages: Stunning, when performed correctly, causes an animal to lose consciousness, so the animal can't feel pain.The law states that, with few exemptions, all animals must be stunned before 'sticking' (neck cutting) is carried out. • About 70-100 gm of hair is obtained from each mature pig which give an income of Rs.30.00 to Rs. x�b```b``Y�����z�����b�@�q@ "���\���B� ��=-�m/��M�vt\��p���+�#�w�d욿���ݻ��y 5'p���e����� ��xM�u�Ԕt&Օ'�m�����P���@���JwI���A �V��2)�Y�^'8uN*6��u[rGZ� �`� ��-.���Ĭa ���$>&k��1B$�b� �P��q�B ��R`���P���@ A�q�Ձx�)�� ^;C���\`,��{��Sx`N�=�M�-�`�g`Jra G'�5[20~����6A� ��z Meat processing facilities – like many manufacturing facilities – can be very expensive to build and operate. 2192 0 obj<> endobj Describe the process of conducting postmortem inspection procedures. I’ll tell you upfront, we used to raise pigs. The slaughtering must be done manually not by a machine, as one of the conditions is the intention, which is not found in a machine. Next, we take on the shoulders. "y�0iH. It was not my intention to name and shame people involved in the pig slaughter sector in Uganda and their efforts to provide safe food to their clients because they do their best they can with the means at their hand but they are also committed to improve the process. Cross out, white out, or delete all steps that are NOT part of your process. These recommendations apply to the slaughter in slaughterhouses of the following domestic animals: cattle, buffalo, bison, sheep, goats, camelids, deer, horses, pigs, ratites, rabbits and poultry. Our first pigs we pulled up by hand, which is a process I’m not eager to repeat. process, manufacturing process of various pork products and sample plant layouts & process flow sheets with machinery details. ;���J���FH���v� ��j�����և�����y�t�����7�f��أ3}�M�1(|a�����gU6��o�5��ޚ�uo7�w�Y��kt�u�֘��i� QHgBFO}}wtp|��߃!z�����`��9tӸ�/���8���I�m�����ɠ�F7Ɲ5���g�����n�F��h�4�bv�� �I�@���|�ݐߝ�w����/ ����" The colder the meat the easier to handle. If an establishment is a combination plant, i.e. The pig peeling line uses pre-peeling conveyor and peeling machine for pig skin processing. 0000003235 00000 n Proceed with caution. 40.00 per pig.Pig hair has good demand in the market and some traders visit the slaughter places from time to time for 2.1.1 Slaughtering and processing of pigs The basic process for slaughtering and processing pigs is shown in Figure 2—1. Cause of secondary bacterial infections with Any larger and the raw meat may be tough. I quickly realized how much work they were, … The resulting carcass may be split and/or fabricated in some fashion. The most important part of swine production is in knowing the correct way to feed pigs. /Length 12 0 R 0000002612 00000 n Pigs are delivered to the abattoir in trucks, and held for one to two days in holding yards. Make sure that each step has the same name and number in both the Process Flow … Butcher and author Bryan Mayer shows Bon Appetit how to butcher an entire pig at Wyebrook Farm and explains every cut of pork. Slaughter Process Slaughter is the process whereby healthy, live animals are humanely stunned, bled, dehided, dehaired, and eviscerated. ‘Composite’ products 15.3. Major contents of the book are behavior of pigs, feeding management, pig breeding, housing management, diseases, pork processing, sausages, bacon, cooked ham, chilling and freezing of meat, meat packaging. Bleeding after stunning In essence, the methods relate to the manner in whichthe animal is killed and bled and to some extent dressing and handlingprior to use as food. It's also hard to pick up and transport any pig larger than that. %%EOF Around 28% of a hog’s live weight is inedible product re-moved during the slaughter and dressing procedure bringing our 250 lb. startxref H��Wmsں��_�ۙ#ɒm5�si�Kܛ9����b�m������#a��ig��V��쳏:ݬH��Y�?w��M�I�H�Q��k��z���M�]��X �Q���8��-�h�������矽�>�u�}��� �,�($��/S����³N�>��B���G��@�%��/�)̀2�N�7g�/��?�>L���9L�q�9�/iT�tm�"��&���l��VΘ'J|*-��x���LB�LT�n��K&����N�J��k����&+uUeF��p�E���5�cG��!kӏ�ЏdRX~v�9��(5Z��I���I��sF�M.Y�K�����>�bM�E5:K�[��e�ϲd���p�k��ړ�|G`,^k�ޥJ�)�e�ũw�:>&�j������n�7�O`���d�^�[G6��y�mu��R]8n���B�{b�Y(�̢l�9,��s�C�ytu/���C��9����Q���/�Ŋ��gX���q4�M{θC��-�m�!�����i^��Cc�.a�>�3��x��$.^A����t��J����t����Z,ޅ��&ZQ�պ4 (�q�Ց_�� �}��W (ü��p /Filter /FlateDecode Consequently, around 1,300 pigs are killed per hour in this pig slaughter facility! Chapter 15 Meat Processing 15. ��_����9�ޚ7�dn.O6`�m���#(l��J�K� ��39�B�B��PJHǁ h@���E���q!�YfY2wʊ���� 0000003679 00000 n 0 During this process, inedible and products (e.g., products not … Whether browsing through a piglet feeding guide or studying swine management techniques, pigs need a high energy diet that is low in fiber that contains ample protein. Introduction 15.1. it takes approximately between 3.5-4 kilograms of feed to produce a kilogram of pork. 2 shot 4 – 5 weeks before slaughter, 1st shot 4 to 6 weeks before 2nd shot. Legal requirements for raw materials A. Strain ‘Pandemic (H1N1) Polyserositis and arthritis of pigs from bacterium Haemophilus parasuis. Meat processing - Meat processing - Livestock slaughter procedures: The slaughter of livestock involves three distinct stages: preslaughter handling, stunning, and slaughtering. 0000001774 00000 n Almost all feed is fed to pigs in a dry form, either as mash (loose but dry) or pellets. Beef Slaughter Model Directions for Use of the Process Flow Diagram 1. 0000004294 00000 n 0000001337 00000 n used. Even when the closest inspected slaughter and/or processing facility seems too far away, building an entirely new plant, mobile or fixed, may not be endstream endobj 2193 0 obj<>/OCGs[2195 0 R]>>/PieceInfo<>>>/LastModified(D:20060202131948)/MarkInfo<>>> endobj 2195 0 obj<>/PageElement<>>>>> endobj 2196 0 obj<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]/ExtGState<>/Properties<>>>/StructParents 0>> endobj 2197 0 obj<> endobj 2198 0 obj<> endobj 2199 0 obj<> endobj 2200 0 obj<> endobj 2201 0 obj<> endobj 2202 0 obj<> endobj 2203 0 obj<> endobj 2204 0 obj<>stream 2192 18 %���� The slaughtering should not be done on a production line where pigs are slaughtered. This time, it went a lot smoother. Many start-up businesses fail financially in the first few years. ��1��u:��@=}���6+�qVᥙ�\���l�t�y�^(���j/ Ⅰ,pig slaughter line. 7. 0000001632 00000 n Witness Journo Bradford Keen visited Triple A Beef's abattoir to see how cattle are slaughtered and end up on your plate. Processing your Pig . For better taste and easier processing, look for wild hogs that are 60-120 pounds. Animal slaughter and processing produces very strong organic waste from body fluids, such as blood, and gut contents. Meat Industry. 0000007365 00000 n ���S�簊E7I�;6C�C���!�?t����T����V/����rU.p�W[`���i7}�h�z��]��������7 W�������� V��n�%U�w���n��T��7�O�/Gh,��f!0��F�������O����[�.����sƟL�$ 4���A|6}|� ��@��n���m�ѻaY?��2��Ǥ*^�&侷�I�7���ŗ���Y!����`�$���8�ih/Лkv��2N,�rZ|�u}��*c��8tO[_��O.
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